ISSN 2283-7558

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Emanuele Piaia


Ph.D e Architetto, è professore di tecnologia dell’architettura presso il Dipartimento di Architettura di Ferrara dove svolge anche attività di ricerca come membro del laboratorio LEM

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Protezione, conservazione e conoscenza del patrimonio culturale

Il patrimonio culturale è un tema chiave per lo sviluppo di una società europea inclusiva, riflessiva e innovativa. In quest’ambito il progetto Eu-CHIC, acronimo di European Cultural Heritage Identity Card, ha promosso studi, ricerche e analisi volte a promuovere la costruzione di una carta d’identità del patrimonio culturale, nel settore dei beni immobili, unificata tra i paesi membri.
Assumendo metaforicamente l’immagine di un iceberg, il gruppo di ricerca propone una carta d’identità che raccoglie tre livelli d’informazioni, in parte accessibili anche al pubblico e in parte protetti e accessibili previo consenso del gestore del dato o proprietario del bene.

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Protection, conservation and knowledge of the cultural heritage

The cultural heritage theme takes on large values not related only humanistic sector.
This aspect is even more important in a political, economic and social panorama that is affected by the on-going European financial crisis.
In fact, the policy of integration and union, that has become a central challenge for the European countries, is now in a state of crisis due to the reassertion of nationalist ideas most often related to issues of economic stability.
For this reason, the forthcoming political strategies will put at the center of their attention the cultural heritage intended as social integration through the establishment of a heritage of European characters.
In this context, the construction of a cultural, historical and shared heritage that can be transmitted to future generations is an essential objective from the reflective, inclusive and innovative community point of view.
Following this topic, it is interesting to see how a group of researchers has promoted studies, research and analysis in order to construct an identity cultural heritage card shared and unified among the country members. The studies have been conducted within the project called Eu-CHIC (European Cultural Heritage Identity Card).
The main objective of the EU-CHIC was to develop and test the guidelines required for the efficient compilation and storage of data, pertinent to each monument and structure under observation. The result that EU-CHIC proposes is a system that supports sustainable maintenance, preventive conservation and the rehabilitation of historic sites and monuments. This typology of systems may assist in the application of newly developed strategies that will be designed to evaluate efficiency, and may be employed to screen, and monitor over time, progressive changes to the physical heritage as a result of recurring human interventions and environmental impacts.
The Eu-CHIC research has suggested a pyramidal approach in reading and sharing documentation of the cultural heritage. The pyramid format should be developed into the concept of the CHIC-Iceberg, contract in CHICBERG.
The proposed CHICEBERG divides the information, concerning the cultural heritage property under consideration, according to three levels of reading:
1. Iceberg Level 1 – basic data The first level of information is represented by the upper, visible, part of an iceberg. This offers basic data on the heritage asset, and is available for a wide range of public uses, without restriction.
2. Iceberg Level 2 – pool of knowledge The second level of data, regarding the pool of knowledge is represented by the invisible part of the iceberg and will remain under the control of the heritage owner or site manager. These data categories can only be published, or made publicly available, with permission of their owner. In some cases the nature of the data may be security sensitive, and be totally restricted.
3. Iceberg Level 3 – decision making The third level of decision-making information and data is also represented by the invisible part of the iceberg, as level 2. These data categories can only be published, or made publicly available, with permission of their heritage owner or site manager and, in some cases, they may be totally restricted.
You can read more on the project at: